Colombia Peace Agreement Timeline

In addition, the amendment gives the President special powers to adopt legally binding decrees for the implementation of the agreement for a period of six months. These decrees are also subject to automatic judicial review. In announcing the partial agreement on illicit drugs, the FARC pledged to “contribute effectively, in the strongest terms, in various forms and through practical measures, to the definitive resolution of the problem of illicit drugs and to put an end to all relations that, because of their rebellion, may have taken place with this phenomenon. [104] [117] In addition, the joint communiqué states that building lasting peace requires “the willingness of all to help clarify the relationship between conflict and growth, the production and marketing of illicit drugs and the money laundering resulting from this phenomenon.” [117] The final agreement contains in its appendices the text of the amnesty law that should be submitted to Congress. There would be three types of crimes: those that would be directly eligible for amnesty (those most closely related to guerrilla membership), those who would never be eligible for amnesty, and others that would be defined as a CEP amnesty chamber (including drug trafficking and kidnapping). [112] [126] Comprehensive or comprehensive rural reform and development was the first point of the general agreement between the government and the FARC, and a partial agreement was signed in May 2013. The agreement has four pillars: access to land and land use, the implementation of specific development programmes, the fight against poverty and the eradication of extreme poverty and food security. Among the most important measures are: [103][104] International support for the implementation of the agreement aims to strengthen the guarantees of implementation of the agreement and to provide experience, resources, monitoring and best practices to contribute to the implementation of the agreement. Among the international organisations targeted are the European Union, the food and agriculture organization Via Campesina, Unasur, Switzerland, the Dutch Institute for Multiparty Democracy, UNESCO, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the United States of America, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Red Cross, the International Centre for Transitional Justice. Sweden and UN Women. [112] Santos and FARC leader Timoleon Jimenez, known as “Tymoshenko,” met in Havana to sign an agreement on transitional justice, outsuring upcoming legal proceedings for human rights violations of both sides. The agreement also declared the peace process “irreversible.” April 9: Nearly a million Colombians take to the streets of several cities to support the peace process Despite opposition from the Democratic Centre party and other right-wing anti-peace forces in Uribe, Santos was re-elected president in a second round of elections. The FARC implemented two provisional ceasefires in the first and second rounds of the presidential election.

July 2004 – The right-wing AUC and the government launch peace talks. AUC leaders address Congress. 23 September: President Juan Manuel Santos and FARC military commander Timoleén Jiménez aka Tymoshenko announce from Cuba and before the signing of the transitional justice agreement the signing of the transitional justice agreement and the signing of peace on 23 March 2016 The UN Security Council conducts its quarterly review of the peace process in Colombia and the work of the UN verification mission.

Posted Saturday, December 5th, 2020 at 3:22 pm
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