However, the economic SDGs show conflicting results. CO2 tax revenues will improve public accounts and debt sustainability (ODD17) in Latin and Central America, Asia and North America, but the change is not noticeable in other regions, as this indicator is not sustainable, even in the baseline scenario. Economic growth (ODD8) is slowing in regions where climate policies are ambitious and the flight effect is occurring, where interventions are too light, such as in the Middle East and North Africa. The Paris Agreement and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are both universally accepted political visions, which mark a paradigm shift: from a top-down approach, from international mandates to a bottom-up process, from a country-centred implementation process. However, the limited interaction between the processes of the two agendas, both globally and nationally, may hinder their effective implementation. In addition, aggregate analyses are lacking to improve understanding of potential overlaps, gaps and conflicts between the main instruments for implementing the two agreements, the NCCs and the SDGs. These analyses are essential to improve the political coherence of plans and strategies and improve the effectiveness of the implementation of both agendas. This document is intended to fill this gap. And on Thursday, September 26, International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, a high-level ceremony for the ratification of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons by States will take place at 17 .m September. This first legally binding international instrument for the prohibition of nuclear weapons has been signed by 60 states and ratified to date by 15.

It prohibits a range of nuclear weapons-related activities, such as the requirement to develop, test, manufacture, acquire, acquire or store nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, as well as the use or threat of using these weapons. The treaty will enter into force 90 days after ratification by at least 50 countries. If we look at a scenario for 2030 in which countries would implement the Paris Agreement, as stated in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) to contain global warming, we can see some progress for all regions, with the exception of the Middle East and North Africa, which are not essentially affected. The 2001 Doha Ministerial Declaration, which launched the ongoing negotiations, strongly reaffirmed this mandate (see para. 6). Ministers also called on the Trade and Environment and Trade and Development Committees to serve as forums for identifying and assessing the environmental and development aspects of the negotiations in order to contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development objective (see paragraph 51). This is why sustainable development was a permanent item on the agenda of the Committee on Trade and the Environment (CTE). The Committee decided to look at the issue by sector and in 2003 the Secretariat informed it of developments in the following negotiating areas: agriculture WT/CTE/GEN/8, market access for non-agricultural products WT/CTE/GEN/9, WT/CTE/GEN/10 and WT/CTE/GEN/11 services. The Committee then considered the non-trade issues mentioned in the preamble to the Agriculture Convention; agricultural policy that distorts trade; Fishing subsidies; liberalisation of environmental goods and services; Classification of environmental services Regulatory issues related to services; Paragraph 51 of the Doha Declaration on Sustainable Development and Developing Countries; Coordination between the Trade and Environment and Trade and Development Committees, in accordance with point 51.

Posted Monday, December 21st, 2020 at 12:50 am
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