1802 Agreement In Sri Lanka

After the Dutch ceded the island`s maritime provinces to the British in 1802, these territories became the first colony of the crown of Great Britain. The conquest and submission of the Kingdom of Kandy in the interior of the country in 1815-18 placed the entire island under British control. The status of the crown colony meant that the affairs of the island were managed by the Colonial Office of London and not by the East Indian Company, which ruled India until 1857. Even after the creation of the Indian Empire – led by a viceroy appointed by the British monarch – following the Indian mutiny of 1857, Ceylon (as it was then called Sri Lanka) was not included in his authority. The main characteristics of government and administration during the first century of British rule were a strong executive – the colonial governor – and a council of official and unofficial members, who initially held an exclusively consultative function, but gradually gained legislative powers. The Ceylon Public Service was a central institution. In the early years it was occupied mainly by British and other European personnel, but increasingly and almost exclusively by Sri Lankans. In 1933, in the face of increasing competition from Japanese textiles in the market, employers announced lower wages in Colombo`s main textile factories. The 1,400 employees of the island`s largest mill, the Wellawatte Spinning and Weaving Mills, were on strike. The strikers requested a petition from the Ministry of Labour and asked Goonesinha to intervene on their behalf.

But instead of supporting their strike, he asked them to return to work because they had broken the agreement he had signed with the employers` organization to denounce a strike. But now, with the economic depression, the working class was in serious trouble. Sri Lanka was an export-dependent economy and lost much of its national income as a result of the 1929 crash and the resulting global collapse. More than 9,000 Sri Lankans and 84,000 Indian Tamils lost their jobs between 1929 and 1932. 100,000 plantation workers had to return to India, which meant that the government had just re-exported its worst unemployment to India. Minimum wages have been reduced, temporary work has ceased and even the salaries of permanent public service employees have been collected. More importantly, the fine print of the so-called “independence” contained an agreement allowing Britain to intervene militarily on the island if necessary, while the British army, navy and RAF guarded bases in Colombo, Trincomalee and Katunayake. In fact, Sri Lankans should remain under the muzzle of British guns for another decade.

Vannimai, also known as Vanni Nadu, were feudal divisions led by Vanniar chiefs south of the Jaffna Peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. The Pandara Vanniyan, allied with the Kandy Nayakars, led an insurrection against the British and Dutch colonial powers in Sri Lanka in 1802. He was able to free Mullaitivu and other parts of northern Vanni from Dutch rule. In 1803, Pandara Vanniyan was defeated by the British and Vanni was under British rule. [36] At that time, the British East India Company had set itself the goal of reaching the port of Trincomalee of Sri Lanka on the east coast of the Dutch East India Company. In 1796, the Dutch were driven out of Trincomalee by British ships. In the new regional order resulting from the Treaty of Amiens of 1802, the British government assured it exclusive control of Sri Lanka. The island, which the British called Ceylon, became the first colony of the British crown after the Portuguese name of Ceilao.

Posted Friday, November 27th, 2020 at 7:47 am
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