Titanic International Agreement


Although many efforts have been made to legally protect the Titanic, the implementation of the 2001 Convention is currently the only real solution to offer it full protection through its cooperation mechanism. The Titanic is located in international waters, i.e. outside the national jurisdiction of a state. States are responsible in this area only for ships flying their own flag and nationals, and therefore cannot, on their own, protect the wreckage. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea provides some protection under paragraph 1 of Article 303. However, it does not affect recovery and research rights, so commercial use of the Titanic remains possible. The Titanic agreement, another international text, has not yet entered into force and has a narrower scope since it can only be ratified by four states. Dr Josh Martin, an expert in sea law at the University of Exeter, said the treaty was an “important and meaningful” agreement that would mean the Titanic would finally be treated as an international monument. “She recognizes that this is a cemetery and that there are artifacts and materials that need to remain there,” he said. However, any recovery by companies or persons established in the United Kingdom and the United States is carried out only with the permission of both countries and only takes place if there is a good educational or cultural reason. It is a new legal barrier that will help to better protect the wreckage. On 15 April 2012, Titanic`s In ship, which is in international waters, was automatically protected by UNESCO, in accordance with the 2001 Convention for the Protection of Underwater Heritage, which protects cultural, historical or archaeological objects that have been under water for 100 years.

[10] When U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the ratification of the agreement, British Transport Minister Nusrat Ghani said the agreement would ensure that the site would be “treated with sensitivity and respect for the last resting place of more than 1,500 lives.” An international agreement between several countries for the protection of the wreck has been under negotiation since 1986. On November 18, 2019, the United States filed with the United Kingdom its acceptance of the agreement on the shipwrecked ship RMS Titanic, bringing into force this important agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom. So far, the wreck has not been protected by explicit legislation, as it is found in international waters. British Maritime Affairs Minister Nusrat Ghani called the agreement “current.” Negotiations between the United Kingdom, the United States, France and Canada began in 1997 and were concluded by an agreement on January 5, 2000. [5] [6] The United Kingdom signed the resulting agreement on 6 November 2003[7] with an “unqualified final signature on ratification”[8] and adopted the “Protection of Wrecks” (RMS Titanic) Order 2003 as part of the Merchant Shipping Act to implement it. [9] The United States signed the agreement on June 18, 2004. [7] “The RMS Titanic is located two and a half miles below the surface of the sea and is the subject of the most documented maritime tragedy in history,” Ghani said in a press release. “This important agreement with the United States for the conservation of the wreck means that it is treated with sensitivity and respect for the last resting place of more than 1,500 lives.” The United Kingdom and the United States will now be responsible for granting permits to those wishing to visit the wreck and remove objects.

Posted Tuesday, April 13th, 2021 at 6:15 am
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